Submitted by Suanne Z. Thamm
Reporter – News Analyst
April 22, 2018 8:50 p.m.
While Fernandina Beach is an incorporated city in Nassau County, FL, Yulee is considered a census county division (CCD). Census county divisions (CCDs) are county subdivisions that were delineated by the U.S. Census Bureau, in cooperation with state and local officials for purposes of presenting statistical data. CCDs have no legal functions and are not governmental units.
The boundaries of CCDs usually are delineated to follow visible features, and coincide with census tracts where applicable. (In rare instances, two CCDs may constitute a single census tract.) The name of each CCD is based on a place, county, or well-known local name that identifies its location. Florida is one of only 21 states in which CCDs have been established.
In the case of the Yulee CCD, included communities are Nassauville and O’Neil and many neighborhoods, including Heron Isles, Lofton Oaks, Meadowfield Bluffs, Pirate’s Wood, Timber Creek Plantation, Wilson Neck and Yulee Hills.
Yulee has two ZIP Codes—32041 and 32097—and it also shares 32034 with Amelia Island and Fernandina Beach.
The map below shows the boundaries of the Yulee CCD as drawn by the Census Bureau.
According to Census data, the population of Nassau County in 2016 was 80,622, with the Yulee CCD accounting for 28,798 or about 36 percent of the county’s population, while the population of the city of Fernandina Beach was 11,990—roughly 15 percent of the county population. The population of Amelia Island, to include both the incorporated city of Fernandina Beach and the unincorporated area at the south end of the island, is estimated at 25,000, or about 31 percent of the county’s population.
Fernandina Beach covers about 11 square miles with population density of 1,071 people per square mile. Yulee on the other hand covers 180 square miles (over 115,000 acres) with a population density of 160 per square mile. You don’t need to be a statistician to see which of the two communities holds the greater possibility for population growth.
With new subdivisions on the drawing board in Yulee, this growth will move beyond potential to reality over the next few years, meaning that there will be a greater demand for schools, roads, recreation and infrastructure to support both the new residents and the businesses that will set up shop to serve them.
If Yulee were an incorporated entity, its population today would place it just above the Florida cities of Winter Park and Deland and a bit below the cities of Dania Beach and Clermont. Will there come a tipping point for the people who live in Yulee that will produce a movement to incorporate Yulee into a city that can better meet the demands of its residents for new and growing services? Will such a movement divide the community into camps representing those who prefer the rural, laid back nature of earlier times and those who demand more government services?
What would the implications be for the unincorporated southern half of Amelia Island, now sandwiched in between two cities and isolated from the rest of unincorporated Nassau County? How would taxes change for western areas of the county? Would the County Seat, currently in Fernandina Beach, then move to Yulee?
While the need to answer any of these questions is not pressing today, over the next few years they may be factors to be studied. There are those who believe that for reasons of political expediency Nassau County has gotten behind the proverbial eight ball in planning for future growth. So far, it does not appear that population growth pays for itself. Revenues have not kept up with the needs of current population growth, much less for a population explosion that could occur over the next 5-10 years.
Will the Board of Nassau County Commissioners face the necessity of raising taxes to handle unmet needs? Will the population of Yulee, the area where most of that growth will undoubtedly occur, suffer in silence as county services play catch up? Or will they take matters into their own hands and form a separate government?
A recent example of such a move occurred in Flagler County, a rural county with large timber resources between St. Augustine and Daytona Beach. In the late 1960’s ITT/Levitt developers had a vision to create a 22,000-acre community out of what some had called a pine covered swamp. Roughly 30 years later, 65 percent of the 12,000 residents of that community voted to incorporate into what is today the City of Palm Coast.
On January 1, 2000 the new city’s population was estimated at 29,360. According to a brief history of Palm Coast included on the city’s website, “[Palm Coast] Mayor Jim Canfield, the City Council, and the city manager initially focused on planning for issues facing a new city. Providing residents with essential government services and promoting the community’s economic growth were two major goals. As a result of joint meetings of Palm Coast City Council and Flagler County Commission, the county turned over many parcels of land to the city benefitting fire, public works, recreation and parks, and the locating of new schools. At the same time, the city began studying acquisition of its water sources.
“Today, Palm Coast has approximately 76,450 residents. Vibrant lifestyle and the natural environment go hand-in-hand, with 13 beautiful parks, 125+ miles of connecting trails and paths for walking/bicycling, abundant fishing and boating, a year-round Running Series, and world-class tennis and golf. The community offers excellent schools, a business assistance center that promotes local businesses, and extensive City services that make Palm Coast a great place to live, work and play.”
Is the Yulee CCD poised to go in the same direction as Palm Coast? That is a question best left to the people who will be living in Yulee over the next few years.
Editor’s Note: Suanne Z. Thamm is a native of Chautauqua County, NY, who moved to Fernandina Beach from Alexandria,VA, in 1994. As a long time city resident and city watcher, she provides interesting insight into the many issues that impact our city. We are grateful for Suanne’s many contributions to the Fernandina Observer.